Frequency of High Cup to Disc Ratio amongst Healthy Young Population of Central Punjab Province of Pakistan

Authors

  • Shagufta Parveen Department of Ophthalmology, Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Waqar Muzaffar Department of Ophthalmology, Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Muhammad Kamran Saeed Department of Ophthalmology, Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Zaheer Uddin Babar Department of Ophthalmology, Combined Military Hospital, Kharian/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Hira Tanveer Department of Ophthalmology, Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i3.9980

Keywords:

Cup to disc ratio, Glaucoma, Screening

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of high cup-to-disc ratio amongst the healthy young population of the Central Punjab province of Pakistan.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Eye, Combined Military Hospital Lahore, from Jun 2022 to Feb 2023.

Methodology: One hundred fifteen candidates who presented for medical fitness examinations were enrolled; they all
belonged to the Central Punjab province of Pakistan. All the participants underwent thorough ocular examination, including
visual acuity testing, slit lamp bio-microscopy, fundoscopy and tonometry. Candidates with a cup-to-disc ratio >0.6 were
further investigated to rule out glaucoma using pachymetry, visual field (VF) testing and spectral-domain optical coherence
tomography.
Results: The mean age of participants of the study was 18.97±2.60 years. There were 72(62.6%) males and 43(37.4%) females.The mean intraocular pressure was 13.08±2.40 mmHg. The mean cup-to-disc ratio was calculated to be 0.34±0.11. It was found that 7 out of 115(6.1%) participants have a cup-to-disc ratio of more than 0.6, whereas the remaining 108(93.9%) participants had less than 0.6 cup-to-disc ratio.

Conclusion: The screened population revealed a high cup-to-disc ratio in 6.1% of the candidates.

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Published

28-07-2023

Issue

Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Parveen S, Muzaffar W, Saeed MK, Babar ZU, Tanveer H. Frequency of High Cup to Disc Ratio amongst Healthy Young Population of Central Punjab Province of Pakistan. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Jul. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 23];73(SUPPL-2):S347-50. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/9980