Etiology of Pancreatitis in Patients at a Tertiary Care Center

Authors

  • Muhammad Fahd Bin Haider Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Irfan Ali Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Humaira Zafar Armed Forces Post Graduate Medical Institute/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Mehak Ahsan Pakistan Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Syed Zubair Hussain Shah Army Medical College/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Farrukh Sher Pakistan Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i2.8771

Keywords:

Etiological frequencies, AIP/DIP, Post COVID pancreatitis

Abstract

Objective: To compare etiological frequencies in patients of acute pancreatitis presenting to our setup with international data.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Gastroenterology, Pakistan Emirates Military Hospital & Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Aug 2020 to Jan 2022.

Methodology: Patients over 12 years suffering from pancreatitis were recruited using a convenience sampling technique based upon predefined criteria for diagnosis of pancreatitis on a questionnaire. Relevant basic lab tests, including chemistries and imaging, including Ultrasound abdomen and CECT abdomen, were analyzed to establish aetiology. Data were continuously uploaded into an electronic data sheet. International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria (ICDC) algorithms were applied to diagnose autoimmune pancreatitis.

Results: Out of 120 patients, 74(61.7%) were males, and 46(38.3%) were females. Biliary pancreatitis was the most common aetiology 50(41.7%), followed in descending order by idiopathic 36(30%), drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) 9(7.5%), Post ERCP Pancreatitis (PEP) 8(6.7%), tumours 5(4%), Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), Hypertriglyceridemia and alcohol-induced pancreatitis each 2(1.7%).

Conclusion: Biliary pancreatitis has the highest frequency, followed by idiopathic and drug-induced pancreatitis.

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Published

04-05-2023

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Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Haider MFB, Ali I, Zafar H, Ahsan M, Shah SZH, Sher F. Etiology of Pancreatitis in Patients at a Tertiary Care Center. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 May 4 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];73(2):575-78. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/8771