Incidental Finding of Gall Bladder Carcinoma in Post-Menopausal Females in Cholecystectomy Specimen
Keywords:Cholecystectomy, Cholelithiasis, Gall bladder carcinoma, Post-menopausal females
Objective: To highlight the significance of histopathological examination of gallbladder and to evaluate incidental gallbladder cancer in post-menopausal females.
Study Design: Cross-sectional Study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pathology, Diagnostic and Research Laboratory, Liaquat University of Medical
and Health Sciences, Hyderabad Pakistan, from Jan 2020 to Dec 2021.
Methodology: Two thousand nine hundred fifty-nine (n=2959) gallbladder specimens with a clinical diagnosis of cholelithiasis and cholecystitis were analyzed. The clinical history of patients was taken from computer storage data.
Results: Out of the total 2959 cases, on histopathological examination, chronic cholecystitis was the commonest finding (1990, 67.25%), followed by acute cholecystitis 410(13.85%) cholesterolosis (396,13.38%) and gallbladder carcinoma 42(1.42%). Out of 42 cases of gallbladder carcinoma, 34(80.95%) were female and 8(19%) were male. Most cases were post-menopausal age group 21(61.76%) compared to premenopausal 13(38.23%).
Conclusion: In our study, Incidental gallbladder carcinoma in post-menopausal women was higher than expected.