Frequency of Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Patients with First-Trimester Pregnancy Loss
Keywords:Early pregnancy loss, Miscarriages, Thyroid disorders
Objectives: To determine the frequency of subclinical Hypothyroidism in women with first-trimester pregnancy loss.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Gynaecology & Obstetrics Department, Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan,
from Jun 2018 to Dec 2018.
Methodology: The study included 130 women aged 18-40 years who had first-trimester pregnancy loss. Patients with
chronic renal failure, known thyroid disorders and taking medication that can affect thyroid functions were excluded.
Venous blood samples were taken to analyse thyroid function tests, and subclinical Hypothyroidism was noted.
Results: The mean age of the women was 28.68±4.80 years. Most patients 77(59.23%), were between 18 and 30 years
old. The mean BMI was 29.42±2.50 kg/m2. 16(12.31%) women with first-trimester miscarriage had subclinical
Conclusion: This study concluded that the frequency of subclinical Hypothyroidism in women with first-trimester
pregnancy loss was significant. Proper management protocol for early recognition and management of subclinical
Hypothyroidism in women can improve pregnancy outcomes.