Can Patient Cooperation During Biometry Be A Predictor of The Type of Anesthesia For Phacoemulsification Cataract Surgery
Keywords:Biometry, Cataract surgery, Patient cooperation, Phacoemulsification surgery
Objective: To assess any association between the cooperation of patients during biometry and cataract surgery by phacoemulsification in order to predict the type of anesthesia for the subject surgery.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Eye Department, Combined Military Hospital, Multan Pakistan, from Jan to Dec 2019.
Methodology: A total of 332 patients requiring cataract surgery by phacoemulsification were recruited from the Eye department of Combined Military Hospital Multan. Patient cooperation level was measured during A-scan biometry. The cooperation level of same patient, assessed during biometry was used to plan the type of anesthesia to be administered during cataract surgery by phacoemulsification.
Results: There were 209 male and 122 female patients with the mean age of 65.14 ± 0.57 years. A significant association was found between the cooperation of patient during biometry and cataract surgery by phacoemulsification appointments (p=0.02). A significant proportion of the patients 162 (81.4%) maintained their good cooperation during surgery. Out of the 133 patients, exhibiting poor cooperation during biometry procedure, 88 (66.3%) showed an improvement in their status by having good cooperation in surgery procedure.
Conclusion: In the light of favorable clinical observation, the cooperation of the patients at the biometry procedure may be considered as a significant predictor of the type of anesthesia to be administered during cataract surgery by phacoemulsification.