DETERMINING THE FACTORS INFLUENCING PATIENT SAFETY CULTURE IN HOSPITAL SETTINGS
Keywords:Pakistan, Patient safety, Private hospitals, Public hospital, Safety management
Objective: To determine the factors potentially influencing patient safety culture in hospital settings an comparison of patient safety factors in public and private hospital.
Study Design: Qualitative study. Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in two hospitalsin Pakistan; one from public and other from private sector, from Feb 2017 to Jun 2018.
Methodology: A multimethod approach was used for data collection including interviews and focused group discussionswith 50 physicians/doctors & staff from different levels of management hierarchy/department and analysis was done by integrating and coding the two sets of data manually. The data was coded and themes were formed.
Results: The different themes obtained from the study included: Human factors like leadership, teamwork, communication work-load and professionalism;physical factors like resources, infrastructure and cleanliness; patient factors like severity of illness, availability of attendant and drug allergies; environmental factors like climate, staff and working conditions and safety culture like safe administration of drugs, blood products, sampling, sterilization and prophylactic antibiotics administration.
Conclusion: Multiple factors related to human being and environment were identified to influence patient safety in a hospital setting. Participants from the public hospital were more knowledgeable compared to the private hospital.