Titanium Mesh versus Autologous Bone Graft Cranioplasty

Authors

  • Babar Shamim Department of Neurosurgery, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Awais Ali Khan Department of Neurosurgery, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Junaid Mushtaq Department of Neurosurgery, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Amjad Saeed Abbassi Department of Neurosurgery, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Ali Ahmed Department of Neurosurgery, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Maria Shahzadi Department of Radiology, Combined Military Hospital, Tarbela/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73iSUPPL-1.3467

Keywords:

Abscess formation, Autologous bone graft, Cranioplasty, Post-op pain, Seroma formation, titanium mesh

Abstract

Objective: To compare the efficacy of titanium mesh to autologous bone grafting in cranioplasty and assessing complications like seroma and abscess formations and subjective measures of pain.
Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study

Place and Duration of Study: Neurosurgery Department, Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan from Aug 2017 to Dec 2018.

Methodology: Twenty patients (Women=12, Men=8) were randomly assigned to Titanium Mesh (TM) group and 20 patients(Women=7, Men=13) to Autologous Bone Graft (ABG) group. All were subjected to cranioplasty using Titenium Mesh andAutologous Bone Graft procedures to assess cranial seroma and abscess formation and pain.
Results: Comparison of pain on day 3 showed 7(35%) patients in titenium mesh group experienced pain compared to 14(70%)patients in the autologous bone graft group, which was statistically significant (p<0.001). Similarly, a comparison on day 7,revealed that pain in the titenium mesh group reduced to 5(25%) patients compared to 11(55%) patients in the autologous bonegraft group, which again was statistically significant (p<0.001). Four(20%) patients in titenium mesh group and 7(35%) patients in autologous bone graft group developed seroma on day 3 and the difference was significant (p<0.001). Two(10%) patients in titenium mesh group and 5(25%) patients in autologous bone graft group developed abscess, which was significantly different (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Cranioplasty using titenium mesh is better than autologous bone graft because complications like seroma, abscess and pain are attenuated in surgical cohorts.

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Published

26-08-2023

How to Cite

Shamim, B., Khan, A. A., Mushtaq, M. J., Abbassi, A. S., Ahmed, A., & Shahzadi, M. (2023). Titanium Mesh versus Autologous Bone Graft Cranioplasty. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 73(SUPPL-1), S140–143. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73iSUPPL-1.3467

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