Clinical Profile and Induction Outcome of Children with T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and T-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma

  • Awais Arshed Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Faran Nasarullah Combined Military Hospital Hyderabad/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Samra Shahid Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Tahir Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Tanzeela Farah Al-Shifa Eye Trust, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Tariq Ghafoor Armed Forces Bone Marrow Transplant Centre/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Induction outcome, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma

Abstract

Objective: To study the clinical profile and induction outcome in children diagnosed with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and lymphoblastic lymphoma.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Paediatric Oncology Unit, Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Jan 2012 to Dec 2020.

Methodology: One hundered and twenty-one diagnosed patients of T-ALL and LBL were evaluated with bone marrow biopsy and Contrast-enhanced CT scan of the active region after induction chemotherapy with Dexamethasone, Vincristine, Asparaginase and Daunorubicin along with intrathecal Methotrexate. This was carried out on days-8 and 29 to determine the early remission status and end of induction response, respectively.

Results: Out of 121 patients, 99(81.8 %) had T–ALL, while 22(18.18%) had LBL. Day-8 assessment showed that 94(77.7%) patients were rapid early responders, 24(19.4%) were slow early responders, while 3(2.4%) patients expired before the day eight assessment. Day-29 bone marrow assessment of 88 T-ALL patients showed complete remission in 77 patients (87.5%), incomplete remission in 5(5.68%) patients and treatment failure in 2(2.27%) patients. 20(93.1%) patients with LBL achieved remission by Day-29, while 2 (0.02%) LBL patients died before the Day-29 assessment.

Conclusion: The remission induction rates and mortality rates in our setup are encouraging and comparable to international data. Further improvements can be made by early management of the affected cases and more accessible pediatric oncology health services.

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Published
2022-11-04
How to Cite
Arshed, A., Nasarullah, F., Shahid, S., Tahir, M., Farah, T., & Ghafoor, T. (2022). Clinical Profile and Induction Outcome of Children with T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and T-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(5), 1720-24. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i5.7697
Section
Original Articles

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