Evaluation of Serum Estrogen, Progesterone, Prolactin and Testosterone in Patients of Melasma

Authors

  • Shamsa Kanwal Department of Dermatology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Farid ur Rehman Department of Dermatology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sana Waqar Qureshi Department of Dermatology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Rab Nawaz Khan Department of Medicine, Ayub Medical Complex, Abbottabad Pakistan
  • Amna Jehanger Department of Dermatology, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Javad Yousaf Department of Biochemistry, Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences(NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i3.7534

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the estrogen, progesterone, Prolactin and testosterone serum levels in melasma patients.

Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Dermatology Department, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Jul to Dec2020.

Methodology: A total of 40 patients with melasma and 40 without melasma were included in this study. The study comprisedfemale melasma patients aged 20 to 50 years old. All participants were tested for serum estrogen, progesterone, Prolactin andtestosterone levels using immunoassay in the follicular phase (9th day) of the menstrual cycle.

Results: The statistically significant increase in serum progesterone (p=0.001) was found in patients with melasma. Asignificant decrease in prolactin levels (p=0.0001) was found in patients with melasma. No association was found betweenGroup-1 and Group-2 regarding serum estradiol and testosterone (p=0.070 and p=0.461 respectively)

Conclusion: Patients with melasma have increased progesterone levels and decreased serum prolactin levels.

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Published

06-06-2023

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Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Kanwal S, Rehman F ur, Qureshi SW, Khan RN, Jehanger A, Yousaf MJ. Evaluation of Serum Estrogen, Progesterone, Prolactin and Testosterone in Patients of Melasma. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 6 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];73(3):654-57. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/7534