Forensic Age Estimation from Lower Third Molar Maturity Index

Authors

  • Ihsan Ullah Khyber Girls Medical College Peshawar Pakistan
  • Hira Khurshid Khyber Girls Medical College Peshawar Pakistan
  • Iftikhar Ahmed Khyber Girls Medical College Peshawar Pakistan
  • Romisa Rehman Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Saad Atiq Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i2.7364

Keywords:

Age estimation, Forensic age, Mandibular third molar, Third molar

Abstract

Objective: To estimate age from mandibular third molar maturation stages in the patient presenting to the Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan.

Study Design: Cross-sectional.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Dentistry, Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan, from Jun to Jul 2021.

Methodology: One hundred and fifty participants of either gender, ages 14 to 24 years, with good quality orthopantomogram (OPG) showing mandibular third molar tooth germs and Pakistani nationals were included. Participants with hypodontia, oligodontia, Amelogenesisimperfecta, Dentinogenesisimperfecta, history of trauma /fracture in the third molar region and any systemic disease were excluded. Data like age, gender and tooth maturation stages of right mandibular molars were recorded.

Results: The mean age was 16.76±2.19 years. In 111(74.9%) cases, the variation in chronological age can be explained by mandibular third molar maturation stages. The only statistically significant predictor for age was Demirjian's stage of lower third molar (p=0.002,95% CI=3.643-15.442), while gender was not a significant predictor.

Conclusion: The age can be estimated from the mandibular third molar with reliability in our population.

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Published

03-05-2023

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Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Ullah I, Khurshid H, Ahmed I, Rehman R, Atiq S. Forensic Age Estimation from Lower Third Molar Maturity Index. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 May 3 [cited 2024 Jun. 25];73(2):531-34. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/7364