Efficacy of Autologous Serum with Antihistamine Therapy in the Treatment of Chronic Urticaria

  • Syeda Sibgha Naz Pak Emirate Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Shegref Mushtaq Pak Emirate Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Aisha Akhtar Pak Emirate Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Najia Ahmed Pakistan Naval Ship Sifa Hospital, Karachi Pakistan
Keywords: Autologous serum skin test, Autologous serum therapy, Chronic urticaria

Abstract

Objective: To compare the efficacy of autologous serum with Antihistamine therapy in treating chronic urticaria.

Study Design: Quasi-experimental study.

Place and Duration of Study: Dermatology Department, Pak Emirate Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Jul 2018 to Jan 2019.

Methodology: One hundred four patients of chronic urticaria (≥3 times/ week for ≥6 weeks) with ages ranging from 16 to 70 years were assigned the treatment groups using a lottery method. i.e., Group-A (autologous serum therapy) and Group-B(Antihistamine therapy). During the eight weeks of therapy, weekly Urticaria Activity Scoring (UAS-7) was utilized to quantify response in terms of the number of weals and pruritus.

Results: Of 104 patients, 75(72.12%) were females, and 29(27.88%) were males. Sixty-nine patients were between 18 to 35 years of age, with a mean age of 37.79±10.15 years in Group-A and 38.04±10.98 years in Group-B. Efficacy of Group-A (autologous serum therapy) was seen in 40(76.92%) patients while in Group-B (Antihistamine therapy) it was seen in 25(48.08%) patients(p-value =0.002).

Conclusion: Autologous serum therapy is more effective than Antihistamine therapy in treating chronic urticaria.

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Published
2022-12-30
How to Cite
Naz, S., Mushtaq, S., Akhtar, A., & Ahmed, N. (2022). Efficacy of Autologous Serum with Antihistamine Therapy in the Treatment of Chronic Urticaria. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(6), 2045-47. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i6.7093
Section
Original Articles