Comparison of Depression in Low Vision Patients and Normal Vision Patients

  • Irshad Hussain Combined Military Hospital, Malir/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Malik Wajid Ali Combined Military Hospital, Malir/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Faisal Aziz Khan Combined Military Hospital, Malir/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Qamar ul Islam Combined Military Hospital, Malir/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Saba Shafi Combined Military Hospital, Malir/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Depression, Low vision, Ophthalmology, PHQ-9

Abstract

Objective: To compare the frequency of depression in low vision and normal vision patients.

Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Eye Department, Combined Military Hospital, Malir Cantt, Karachi Pakistan, from Dec 2017 to May 2019.

Methodology: Patients with low vision and normal vision were evaluated for depression. Initially, each patient underwent a complete Outpatient ophthalmological workup. Then, the patients were assigned to the low vision and normal vision groups,and after informed consent, each patient was to complete Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9).

Result: Two hundred and sixty-nine patients with low vision and 275 patients with normal vision were included in the study.One hundred and eighty-two (67.66%) patients with low vision and 71(25.82%) patients with normal vision were found to have significant depression (PHQ-9 score≥5). Depression was significantly more prevalent in the Low Vision-Group (p=<0.01).

Conclusion: Significantly high level of depression in the Low Vision-Group needs to be taken care of in ophthalmology departments. The ophthalmologist should not look into the eyes but treat the patients as human beings.

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Published
2022-12-30
How to Cite
Hussain, I., Ali, M., Khan, F., Islam, Q. ul, & Shafi, S. (2022). Comparison of Depression in Low Vision Patients and Normal Vision Patients. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(6), 2029-32. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i6.4821
Section
Original Articles