Anaemia in Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Imran Ali Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Malik Nadeem Azam Khan Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Asif Ali Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Zahid Hussain Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Shahid Khan HITEC Institute of Medical Science Taxila/National University of Medical Sciences, Pakistan
  • Syed Nazir Ahmed Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Anaemia, Chronic kidney disease, Socio-demographic factors

Abstract

Objective: To gauge the frequency of iron deficiency anaemia among chronic renal disease patients and factors related to the presence of anaemia at our hospital.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of nephrology Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan, Nine months, Sep 2019 to May 2020.

Methodology: Three hundred patients suffering from the chronic renal disease were included in the study. Iron deficiency anaemia was diagnosed based on haemoglobin and ferritin levels. In addition, the relationship between age, gender, duration of chronic kidney disease and stage of chronic kidney disease was assessed with the presence of iron deficiency anaemia among the patients suffering from chronic kidney disease.

Results: Out of three hundred patients studied, 139 were males, and 161 were females. Out of 300 patients with chronic kidney disease included in our study, 159 (53.0%) showed the presence of iron deficiency anaemia, while 141 (47.0%) had no anaemia. Chi-square analysis showed that female gender, long duration of illness and more severe illness had a significant association with iron deficiency anaemia among the patients with chronic kidney disease.

Conclusion: High frequency of iron deficiency anaemia among the patients of chronic kidney disease in a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan. Routine screening for anaemia should be done, especially on female patients and patients with more severe and long-standing illnesses.

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Published
2022-08-31
How to Cite
Ali, I., Khan, M. N., Ali, A., Hussain, M., Khan, M., & Ahmed, S. (2022). Anaemia in Chronic Kidney Disease. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(4), 1306-09. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i4.4710
Section
Original Articles