Anaemia in Chronic Kidney Disease
Objective: To gauge the frequency of iron deficiency anaemia among chronic renal disease patients and factors related to the presence of anaemia at our hospital.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of nephrology Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan, Nine months, Sep 2019 to May 2020.
Methodology: Three hundred patients suffering from the chronic renal disease were included in the study. Iron deficiency anaemia was diagnosed based on haemoglobin and ferritin levels. In addition, the relationship between age, gender, duration of chronic kidney disease and stage of chronic kidney disease was assessed with the presence of iron deficiency anaemia among the patients suffering from chronic kidney disease.
Results: Out of three hundred patients studied, 139 were males, and 161 were females. Out of 300 patients with chronic kidney disease included in our study, 159 (53.0%) showed the presence of iron deficiency anaemia, while 141 (47.0%) had no anaemia. Chi-square analysis showed that female gender, long duration of illness and more severe illness had a significant association with iron deficiency anaemia among the patients with chronic kidney disease.
Conclusion: High frequency of iron deficiency anaemia among the patients of chronic kidney disease in a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan. Routine screening for anaemia should be done, especially on female patients and patients with more severe and long-standing illnesses.