Comparison of Recurrence of High Trans-Sphinteric Anal Fistula After Vaaft and Tight Setons in Military Hospital Rawalpindi

  • Muhammad Haroon Akbar Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Umar Bashir Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Hassan Shabbir Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ans Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Farhan Ahmed Majeed Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Shahzad Ahmed Abbasi Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Attayaba Khan Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ammar Amjad Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
Keywords: Anal fistula, Recurrence, Setons, Video-assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT)

Abstract

Objective: To compare the recurrence rate in patients undergoing fistulectomy using tight setons with those using videoassisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT).

Study Design: Comparative prospective study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of General Surgery, MH Rawalpindi, Pakistan from May 2018 to Dec 2021.

Methodology: We included 200 patients with high trans-sphincteric anal fistula (simple or complex) of age 18 to 60 years, having ASA I or II. Group- A comprised patients undergoing treatment with VAAFT, while Group- B included patients undergoing treatment with Tight Seton in conventional surgery. Patients were followed for three months after the procedure. Patients having a history of discharge around or in the vicinity of the previous external opening of the anal fistula were labelled as having a recurrence. Recurrence was confirmed on MRI Fistulogram.

Results: The mean age of patients in Group-A was 42.10±8.26 years, and in Group-B was 42.17±7.91 years (p=0.95). There were 58 male patients in Group-A and 55 male patients in Group-B (p=0.67). The mean duration of the fistula was 5.30±1.64 months in Group-A and 5.22±1.61 months in Group-B (p=0.72). Recurrence was diagnosed in 24 patients in Group-B and only 06 patients in Group-A (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Video-assisted anal fistula treatment (VAAFT) has a lower recurrence rate than Tight Setons in conventional surgery in treating high trans-sphinteric anal fistula.

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Published
2022-09-06
How to Cite
Akbar, M., Bashir, U., Shabbir, H., Ans, M., Majeed, F., Abbasi, S., Khan, A., & Amjad, M. (2022). Comparison of Recurrence of High Trans-Sphinteric Anal Fistula After Vaaft and Tight Setons in Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(4), 1347-50. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i4.4133
Section
Original Articles