COMPLICATIONS OF OPEN SURGICAL TRACHEOSTOMIES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT - OUR EXPERIENCE
To justify the role of open surgical tracheotomy in patients admitted in surgical or medical intensive care units for ventilator support or secretion management.
Study Design: A descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of otorhinolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery, Dr Ruth K M Pfau Civil Hospital Karachi, Dow Medical College- Dow University of Health Sciences and Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Ziauddin University Karachi Jan 2014 to Jan 2018.
Material and Methods:
This study includes all elective and emergency tracheotomies performed in intensive care units (ICU). Patients with cervical spine injuries, bleeding diathesis and patients below 12 years of age were excluded from our study.
We encountered complications in 20 patients out of 534, on whom tracheotomies were carried out in intensive care setting. Hemorrhage during and after tracheotomy procedure occurred in eight patients, which was controlled by pressure, ligation or diathermy. Procedure related surgical emphysema occurred in two patients; it was limited to cervical region and subsided with conservative management. The inadvertent decannulation of tracheotomy tube occurred in two cases. Subglottic stenosis developed in four patients. Tracheo esophageal fistula was encountered in four cases.
A low morbidity and mortality rate in our series justifies the role of open surgical tracheostomy in patients admitted in surgical or medical ICU for ventilator support or secretion management. It is also effective in a situation of unsecured airway.