ROLE OF INTRANASAL SPLINTS IN PREVENTING POSTOPERATIVE NASAL MUCOSAL ADHESIONS

Intranasal Splints For Prevention of Nasal Mucosal Adhesion

Authors

  • Dr Tarique Ahmed Maka Classified ENT Specialist, Combined Military Hospital Kharian Pakistan
  • Zafarullah Khan Combined Military Hospital Kharian/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Usman Akhtar Combined Military Hospital Kharian/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Bilal Akram Pakistan Air Force, Faisal Base Karachi Pakistan,
  • Mubashir Iqbal Combined Military Hospital Bannu/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan

Keywords:

Intranasal splints, Nasal packing, Nasal adhesion, Septal surgery

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of intranasal splints in the prevention of nasal
adhesion following septal surgery.
Study Design: Randomized control trial.
Place and Duration of Study: Ear, nose and throat (ENT) Department, Combined Military Hospital (CMH)
Kharian, from Aug 2014 to Dec 2015.
Material and Methods: Patients undergoing septal surgery fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected. All the
patients were randomly allocated a group (A or B) by using the random numbers table. All surgeries were
performed by consultant ENT surgeons under general anaesthesia. After septal surgery in group A, both the
nostrils were packed with simple nasal packing using vaseline gauze packs. In group B, silastic nasal splint was
placed on operated side only and both the nostrils were packed with vaseline gauze packs. Vaseline gauze nasal
packs were removed 48 hrs postoperatively. Nasal splint was removed after seven days of surgery. Nasal cavities
were inspected for adhesions after 2 weeks from the date of operation. For follow up sconac number of patients
was recorded.
Results: In our study, out of 234 cases (117 in each group), 57.26% (n=67) in group-A and 53.85% (n=63) in
group-B were between 16-30 years of age while 42.74% (n=50) in group-A and 446.15% (n=54) in group-B were
between 31-55 years of age, mean ± SD was calculated as 31.45 ± 6.41 and 30.57 ± 4.54 years in group-A and B
respectively, 62.39% (n=73) in group-A and 68.38% (n=80) in group-B were male while 37.61% (n=44) in group-A
and 31.62% (n=37) in group-B were females, comparison of the efficacy of intranasal splints in the prevention of
nasal adhesion following septal surgery was recorded as 86.32% (n=101) in group-A and 96.58% (n=113) in
group-B while remaining 13.68% (n=16) in group-A and 3.42% (n=4) developed nasal adhesion. A p-value was
calculated as 0.000, showing a significant difference.
Conclusion: We concluded that the frequency of efficacy of intranasal splints for the prevention of nasal adhesion
following septal surgery is significantly higher when compared with nasal packing.

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Published

28-02-2018

How to Cite

Maka, D. T. A., Khan, Z., Akhtar, U., Akram, B., & Iqbal, M. (2018). ROLE OF INTRANASAL SPLINTS IN PREVENTING POSTOPERATIVE NASAL MUCOSAL ADHESIONS: Intranasal Splints For Prevention of Nasal Mucosal Adhesion. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 68(1), 101–05. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/1574

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Original Articles