COMPARISON OF SHORT TERM NEONATAL MORBIDITIES IN LATE PRETERM VS TERM INFANTS

  • Ali Abbas Combined Military Hospital Mardan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Haider Nisar Combined Military Hospital Khuzdar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Qudrat Ullah Malik Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sajid Ali Combined Military Hospital Skardu/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Bushra Anwar Combined Military Hospital Bhawalpur/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Munir Akmal Lodhi Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Late preterm, Neonatal sepsis, Neonatal jaundice, Short term neonatal morbidities, Term infants

Abstract

Objective: To compare frequency of short term (first 7 days of life) neonatal morbidities in late preterm vs term infants.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study.

Place and Duration of Study: Study was carried out over a period of six months from Jan 2016 to Jun 2016.

Methodology: A total of 130 patients (65 in each group) were included in this study. All infants enrolled in study were followed till first 7 days of life for any morbidity by clinical evaluation. Infants who were discharged before 7 days were called for mandatory follow up evaluation in the outpatient clinic on 7th day of life.

Results: Mean age of the babies was 3.28 ± 1.45 and 1.58 ± 0.65 in group-A and B, respectively. Mean gestational age in group-A was 35.18 ± 0.73 weeks and in group-B was 38.38 ± 11.07 weeks. Mean weight (kg) of neonates was 2.53 ± 0.33 in group-A and 3.24 ± 0.49 in group-B. Morbidities were found as follows: Probable sepsis was seen in 17 cases (26.2%) of group-A and 7 cases (10.8%) of group-B with p-value of 0.024. Respiratory morbidity observed in 15 cases (23%) of group-A and 3 cases (4.6%) of group-B with p-value of 0.002. Hyperbilirubinemia developed in 33 cases (50.8%) of group-A and in 15 cases of group-B with p-value of 0.001.

Conclusion: The frequency of sepsis, respiratory morbidity and hyperbilirubinemia was more in late preterm as compared to term infants.

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Published
2021-02-24
How to Cite
Abbas, A., Nisar, H., Malik, Q., Ali, S., Anwar, B., & Lodhi, M. (2021). COMPARISON OF SHORT TERM NEONATAL MORBIDITIES IN LATE PRETERM VS TERM INFANTS. PAFMJ, 71(1), 287-92. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/6370
Section
Original Articles

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