FREQUENCY OF RETINOPATHY IN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS WITH OR WITHOUT MICROALBUMINURIA
Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Objective: To determine the association of diabetic retinopathy among type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria.
Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Medical wards combined Military Hospital Peshawar from 12th Jun to 12th Dec 2013.
Material and Methods: One hundred and eighty six patients (93 in each group) with type 2 diabetes fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in study through consecutive sampling. A standard protocol was followed for testing spot urine for micro, on the basis of which patients were divided into cases and control groups depending upon presence or absence of microalbuminuria. Fundos copy was done for any evidence of diabetic retinopathy including micro aneurysms dot and blot hemorrhages, new vessel formation and maculopathy.
Results: 51.61% (n=48) in cases and 29.03% (n=27) in controls were having diabetic retinopathy while remaining 48.39% (n=45) in cases and 70.97% (n=66) in controls were not having diabetic retinopathy.
Conclusion: We concluded a significant association between diabetic retinopathy and microalbuminuria.