Outcomes of Neonates Born To Mothers Who Were COVID-19 Positive; An Observational Study from Pakistan

  • Zeeshan Ahmad Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Arshad Khushdil Quetta Institute of Medical Sciences Quetta Pakistan
  • Talal Waqar Combined Military Hospital Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Madiha Ahmed Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Khalid N Haque Children's Hospital & the Institute of Child Health, Lahore Pakistan
  • Rashida Sultana Sharif Medical Comlex Lahore Pakistan
  • Umme e Sughra Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Shoaib Farooq Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Qudrat Ullah Malik Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Neonates, COVID-19 positive mothers, SARS-CoV-2, Vertical transmission

Abstract

Objective: To assess outcomes of neonates born to mothers who were COVID-19 positive.

Study Design: Prospective observational study.

Place and Duration of Study: Secondary and Tertiary Care Hospitals of the Armed Forces, Pakistan, from Apr to Aug 2020.

Methodology: We studied 106 pregnant women who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Stable asymptomatic newborn babies were kept in SARS-CoV-2 specified incubators, at specially designated areas for observation. Nasopharyngeal swabs were taken at first 24 hours and if negative, babies were handed over to clinically stable mothers who were educated regarding use of facemasks and proper hand washing. Neonates who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 were evaluated for SARS-CoV-2 again at 48 hours and then every 48-72 hours, until found to be negative.

Results: Total 106 women were found to be SARS-CoV-2 positive during the study period. All the women delivered singleton babies. Of the 106 babies, 5 (4.71%) were found to be positive for SARS-CoV-2 at 24 hours and only 1 (0.94%) baby was found to be positive at 48 hours and then tested negative at 7th day.

Conclusion: Babies born to SARS-CoV-2 mothers were mostly asymptomatic and there was no increased risk of morbidity or mortality to the neonates suffering from the infection.

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Published
2022-03-02
How to Cite
Ahmad, Z., Khushdil, A., Waqar, T., Ahmed, M., Haque, K., Sultana, R., Sughra, U., Farooq, S., & Malik, Q. (2022). Outcomes of Neonates Born To Mothers Who Were COVID-19 Positive; An Observational Study from Pakistan. PAFMJ, 72(1), 288-91. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i1.6079
Section
Original Articles