EFFECTIVENESS OF PARENTAL PRESENCE/ABSENCE TECHNIQUE AS A BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUE IN PAEDIATRIC DENTSTRY
Objective: To assess the deliberate use of a parental presence/absence (PPA) intervention as a behavior
management technique to manage uncooperative children as well as its association with age.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Study was conducted at department of Paediatric dentistry, Rehman College of
Dentistry, Peshawar, from Jan to Apr 2019.
Methodology: Practice patient records were examined over a period of 3 months, during which Frankel behavior ratings were made for each patient. About 2 to 14 years olds were included in the study who had no previous dental treatment, accompanying by their parents. Sixty one children were selected out of 200 who showed uncooperative behavior Frankl 1 and Frankel 2. Their parents were asked to step out of the operatory until the patient become cooperative.
Result: The study included 61 children out of 200 who showed uncooperative behavior according to Frankel‟s
behavior rating scale. The result showed significance in age group 4-6year, kinder garden (p=0.035).
Conclusion: The Parental Presence/Absence technique (PPA) can be successfully used in gaining the cooperation of children displaying negative behavior aged 4-6, thus minimizing the need for other more aversive Behavior management techniques (BMT‟s).