FIGHT AGAINST SUPERBUGS IN A BURN CENTRE: ARE WE DOING ENOUGH
Objective: To determine the superbug infection in a burn centre, its impact on mortality/morbidity and to review all preventive/therapeutic steps taken to fight this menace.
Study Design: Retrospective cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Burns & Plastic Surgery, Army Burn Centre, Combined Military Hospital Kharian, from Oct 2018 to Sep 2019.
Methodology: A detailed retrospective audit of departmental data was carried out. Parameters like direct admission vs transferred patient, percentage of burns (Total Burn Surface Area-TBSA%), records of all burns related deaths and all culture/sensitivity reports were analysed using SPSS-20. As a standard practice in our unit blood, tracheal secretions and pus culture specimens of all patients are collected at the time of admission and then periodically fresh samples are taken every week or earlier when-ever required.
Results: Out of 515 patients, 283 (54.95%) were children under the age of 12 years. The overall survival rate improved by 13.43% as compared to last year. Out of 584 bacteriology reports 396 (67.81%) were positive and 188 (32.19%) were negative. On culture 508 organisms were isolated, majority of which were Carbapenem Resistant Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Enterobacteriaceae and Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus.
Conclusion: Multi drug resistant superbug infection is a worldwide menace. The best clinical practices, strict contact isolation, enhanced environmental cleaning and judicious use of appropriate antibiotics are the main strategies in this war. Need for newer more effective antibiotics cannot be overemphasized.