GENDER BIAS IN UVEITIS: RESULTS FROM A STUDY AT ARMED FORCES INSTITUTE OF OPHTHALMOLOGY RAWALPINDI
Objective: Current study aimed at finding the differences in etiology of uveitis among male and female genders among patients presenting to the Uveitis Clinic of AFIO, Rawalpindi.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology Rawalpindi, from Nov 2017 to Oct 2018.
Methodology: A total of 182 patients diagnosed to have uveitis were recruited through non-probability consecutive sampling. Patients with diabetic retinopathy, vitreous hemorrhage, post-surgical uveitis and tumor associated uveitis were excluded. Data including demographic and ocular history were noted. Investigations were carried out to ascertain the underlying cause.
Results: A total of 182 patients were included in the study ranging from 8 to 69 years of age with a mean age of 42 ± 8.5 years. Seventy six (41.7%) were males while 106 (58.3%) were females. Causes included idiopathic in 118 (65%), infectious causes in 31 (17%) and non-infectious causes in 33 (18%). After gender stratification, it was found that in 48 (63.2%) males and 70 (66%) females no cause could be ascertained (idiopathic). Among the 33 infectious causes 20 were males whereas 13 were females. Among 31 patients with non-infectious causes 8 were males and 23 were females. These gender differences were statistically significant; p=0.017.
Conclusion: Infectious causes were more common among males whereas non-infectious causes are more frequent among females.