GENDER BIAS IN UVEITIS: RESULTS FROM A STUDY AT ARMED FORCES INSTITUTE OF OPHTHALMOLOGY RAWALPINDI

  • Noman Nazir Ahmed Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Quratul Ain Zamir Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Umar Ijaz Combined Military Hospital Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Shahid Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Shahid Iqbal Combined Military Hospital, Gujranwala Pakistan
Keywords: Autoimmune, Behcet's disease, Causes, Gender, Infections, Uveitis

Abstract

Objective: Current study aimed at finding the differences in etiology of uveitis among male and female genders among patients presenting to the Uveitis Clinic of AFIO, Rawalpindi.

Study Design: Cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology Rawalpindi, from Nov 2017 to Oct 2018.

Methodology: A total of 182 patients diagnosed to have uveitis were recruited through non-probability consecutive sampling. Patients with diabetic retinopathy, vitreous hemorrhage, post-surgical uveitis and tumor associated uveitis were excluded. Data including demographic and ocular history were noted. Investigations were carried out to ascertain the underlying cause.

Results: A total of 182 patients were included in the study ranging from 8 to 69 years of age with a mean age of 42 ± 8.5 years. Seventy six (41.7%) were males while 106 (58.3%) were females. Causes included idiopathic in 118 (65%), infectious causes in 31 (17%) and non-infectious causes in 33 (18%). After gender stratification, it was found that in 48 (63.2%) males and 70 (66%) females no cause could be ascertained (idiopathic). Among the 33 infectious causes 20 were males whereas 13 were females. Among 31 patients with non-infectious causes 8 were males and 23 were females. These gender differences were statistically significant; p=0.017.

Conclusion: Infectious causes were more common among males whereas non-infectious causes are more frequent among females.

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Published
2020-01-27
How to Cite
Ahmed, N., Zamir, Q., Ijaz, U., Shahid, M., & Iqbal, S. (2020). GENDER BIAS IN UVEITIS: RESULTS FROM A STUDY AT ARMED FORCES INSTITUTE OF OPHTHALMOLOGY RAWALPINDI. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 70(Suppl-1), S182-87. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/3819
Section
Original Articles