COMPARISON OF HELICAL COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY AND ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE APPENDICITIS

Helical Computed Tomography and Ultrasonography in Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis

  • Col Muhammad Nafees Classified Radiologist, Combined Military Hospital Quetta
  • Ghulam Abbas Combined Military Hospital, Quetta
  • Asif Rehman Combined Military Hospital, Quetta
  • Shakeel Sarwar Combined Military Hospital, Quetta
Keywords: Acute appendicitis, Ultrasonography, Appendectomy, Acute abdomen

Abstract

Objective: The objective of study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of helical computed tomography and ultrasonography in acute appendicitis using histopathology as gold standard. Study Design: Validation study Place and Duration of Study: Department of Radiology CMH/MH Rawalpindi, from 06 April 2007 to 02 January 2008. Materials and Methods: Thirty cases of clinically suspected acute appendicitis were included in the study selected on non probability convenience sampling technique. Computed tomography and graded compression ultrasonography of right lower quadrant of abdomen were conducted and results compared with histopathological findings. Results: Amongst 30 patients who underwent computed tomography and graded compression ultrasonography examinations of right lower quadrant for diagnosis of acute appendicitis, on computed tomography 19 were diagnosed with acute appendicitis, 10 were diagnosed as not having the disease and 01 patient diagnosed as not having appendicitis on computed tomography did not improve clinically, was operated upon and histopathology proved it as acute appendicitis. While on graded compression ultrasonography 15 were diagnosed with acute appendicitis, 11 were diagnosed as not having the disease and 04 patients diagnosed as not having appendicitis on ultrasonography, did not improve clinically, were operated upon and histopathology proved it as acute appendicitis. This showed that CT scan has sensitivity of 95%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value 100%, negative predictive value 90.91% and overall accuracy of 96.67% while ultrasonography has sensitivity of 78.9%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value 100%, negative predictive value 73.33% and overall accuracy of 86.67%.

Conclusion: We concluded that Helical computed tomography is highly accurate in diagnosing acute appendicitis as compared to ultrasonography and it helps to reduce negative appendectomy rate.

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Published
2010-03-31
How to Cite
Nafees, C. M., Abbas, G., Rehman, A., & Sarwar, S. (2010). COMPARISON OF HELICAL COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY AND ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE APPENDICITIS. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 60(1), 89-94. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/253
Section
Original Articles