Sacroiliac Joint Index in Healthy Pakistani Population and Patients with Sacroiliitis Using Technetium-99m Methylene Diphosphonate Bone Scintigraphy
Keywords:Bone scintigraphy, Quantitative bone scintigraphy, Sacroiliac joint index, Sacroiliitis
Objective: To determine the values of the Sacroiliac Joint Index (SI Index) in normal population and patients with sacroiliitis
(SI) and the correlation of normal values with age and gender.
Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study.
Place and Duration of Study: Nuclear Medical Centre, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Dec
2020 to Jul 2022.
Methodology: A total of 140 patients (Group-I consisting of 129 cancer patients having no clinical or radiological evidence of SI referred for metastatic/staging workup and Group-II consisting of 11 patients with clinical, laboratory and radiological
diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis) who underwent whole body bone scintigraphy using Technetium Pertechnetate (Tc-99m) labelled Methylene Diphosphonate (MDP) were included. The SI Index was calculated for each patient using the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) to sacrum radiotracer uptake ratio using the ROI method.
Results: The mean SI Index was 1.02±0.09, (range: 0.87-1.24) in normal individuals while 1.28±0.09 (range: 1.15-1.53) in patients with SI. A significant statistical difference was observed in both groups for the SI Index (p-<0.001). In addition, the SI Index was significantly associated with age (p=0.016) in the normal population.
Conclusion: The SI Index quantification using bone scintigraphy is a sensitive and cost-effective method for detecting SI. In
addition, the SI Index differs according to age, so a different cut-off value should be used for each group.