Psychosocial Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Parents of Children with Special Needs


  • Muhammad Nauman Department of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, University of Child Health Sciences, The Children’s Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Shazia Maqbool Department of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, University of Child Health Sciences, The Children’s Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Anam Ali Department of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, University of Child Health Sciences, The Children’s Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan



COVID-19, Disabled children, Child, Preschool, Adolescent, Parents, Psychology


Objective: To determine the association of COVID-19-related psychosocial Impact in parents of children with special needs.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Department, University of Child Health Sciences, The
Children’s Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from August to December 2021.

Methodology: A study sample of 213 parents of children (aged 1-16 years) with disabilities was recruited. The Perceived Stress Scale was administered.

Results: Most children 133(62.4%) with special needs were males with a mean age of 61.36±29.17 months. 91(42.7%) parents fear that either themselves or their family members could be affected by COVID-19. 75(35.2%) parents reported that their special needs child knew preventive measures for COVID-19. 147(69%) parents were facing social difficulties because of COVID-19. Income was negatively correlated with stress. Stress was more evident in parents who had a fear of the loss of a family member and who thought that disabled children needed more protection than their other children.

Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on parents of children with special needs due to the restrictions
imposed all over the country. One of the few factors that increased stress among parents of special needs children in COVID19 were financial and social difficulties.


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Original Articles

How to Cite

Muhammad Nauman, Shazia Maqbool, Ali A. Psychosocial Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Parents of Children with Special Needs. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];74(1):71-5. Available from: