Evaluation of Common Interventions to Manage Halitosis Based On Organoleptic Scoring

Authors

  • Amir Ali Khan Department of ENT, Combined Military Hospital, Pano Aqil/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Zeeshan Ayub Department of ENT, Combined Military Hospital, Pano Aqil/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Syed Tehmina Rehman Department of Dentistry, Shahida Islam Medical and Dental College, Lodhran Pakistan
  • Syed Aoun Abbas Mehdi Department of ENT, Combined Military Hospital, Pano Aqil/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Usman Afzal Malik Department of ENT, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ahmed Khan Department of ENT, Combined Military Hospital, Okara/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i5.9324

Keywords:

Halitosis, Organoleptic, Pseudo-halitosis

Abstract

Objective: To determine the efficacy of interventions undertaken to manage common causes of halitosis based on organoleptic scoring.

Study Design: Quasi-experimental study.

Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital, Pano Aqil Pakistan, from Sep 2021 to Aug 2022.

Methodology: Three hundred patients with halitosis fulfilling the inclusion criteria were treated as per their root cause of
halitosis and evaluated by organoleptic scoring method on a fortnightly basis for one month. Pre-treatment organoleptic
scoring was compared with post-treatment organoleptic scores.

Results: Among 300 patients, 177(59%) were females and 123(41%) were males. Halitosis due to poor oro-dental hygiene was seen in 92(30.66%) cases, food-related halitosis in 90(30%), periodontal diseases in 47(15%) cases, while 33 patients (11%) have halitosis due to ENT diseases. A comparison of pre-treatment and post-treatment organoleptic scores revealed a marked decrease in the number of patients having persistent halitosis (p-value 0.001).

Conclusion: The most common etiological factor is poor oral hygiene. An organoleptic scoring system is a simple and quick
method to recognize and grade halitosis without requiring costly gadgetry.

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Published

30-10-2023

Issue

Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Khan AA, Ayub Z, Rehman ST, Mehdi SAA, Malik UA, Khan MA. Evaluation of Common Interventions to Manage Halitosis Based On Organoleptic Scoring. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Oct. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];73(5):1372-4. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/9324