Does Gestational Thrombocytopenia and Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Warrant Hospital Admission?

Authors

  • Ayesha Ellahi Army Medical College
  • Ayesha Nayyar Department of Pathology (Haematology). Army Medical College Rawalpindi / National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Maham Arshad Department of Pathology (Haematology). Army Medical College Rawalpindi / National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Wasiullah Khan Department of Pharmacology, Riphah International University Islamabad
  • Afnan Naeem Department Microbiology, Army Medical College /National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Warda Furqan Department Microbiology, Army Medical College /National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v74i2.9192

Keywords:

Gestational thrombocytopenia, Hospitalization, Immune thrombocytopenic purpura, Thrombocytopenia.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the severity of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy and manage gestational thrombocytopenia patients in the outpatient department in order to reduce the economic burden on hospitals.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Haematology, Pakistan Railway Hospital, Rawalpindi, in collaboration with the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Combined Military Hospital and Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from Oct 2018 to Oct 2019.

Methodology: The sample population included ninety pregnant females with platelet count <150x109/l. Blood samples were analyzed for complete blood count, peripheral blood smear, manual count by improved Neubauer chamber, serum uric acid, urinary proteins, liver function tests (bilirubin and aspartate aminotransferase), lactate dehydrogenase, coagulation profile and viral serology (hepatitis B & C).

Results: Out of 90 thrombocytopenic pregnant females, gestational thrombocytopenia was most common, (86, 95.5%), while immune thrombocytopenic purpura was detected in 4(4.5%) patients. Mild thrombocytopenia was frequently observed in patients of gestational thrombocytopenia (59, 68.6%), and severe thrombocytopenia was mostly detected in patients of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (3, 75.0%). About 58(64.4%) of these patients were hospitalized, irrespective of the cause of thrombocytopenia.

Conclusion: Mild thrombocytopenia was commonly observed in gestational thrombocytopenia, and severe thrombocytopenia was usually diagnosed in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura. Gestational thrombocytopenia is frequent in pregnancy and does not require hospitalization. In contrast, patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura require rational hospitalization for appropriate and judicious management for the safety of the mother and fetus.

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Published

29-04-2024

How to Cite

1.
Ellahi A, Ayesha Nayyar, Maham Arshad, Wasiullah Khan, Afnan Naeem, Warda Furqan. Does Gestational Thrombocytopenia and Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Warrant Hospital Admission?. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 29 [cited 2024 May 24];74(2):544-8. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/9192

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