Evaluation of Key Performance Indicators in the Pre-analytical Phase of Testing in a Clinical Chemistry Laboratory of a Reference Institute

Authors

  • Ahsan Ahmad Ghauri Department of Chemical Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Usman Munir Department of Chemical Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Zujaja Hina Haroon Department of Chemical Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Younas Department of Chemical Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Anwar Department of Chemical Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sobia Irum Kirmani Department of Chemical Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.8556

Keywords:

Key performance indicators, Pre-analytical error, Six sigma

Abstract

Objectives: To check the performance in the pre-analytical phase of testing in the clinical chemistry laboratory of a reference institute using five key performance indicators and to compare these indicators between the morning and night shifts to ascertain the most probable source of pre-analytical errors.

Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Chemical Pathology & Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
(AFIP), Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Apr to Sep 2021.

Methodology: Defined key performance indicators (KPIs) were observed for a period of six months. The frequency and
percentage of each KPI were calculated. Defects per Million were calculated for deriving Six Sigma (σ) values. KPIs were also
compared between the morning and night shifts.

Results: A total of 272,731 samples were observed in which 2306(0.84%) were found haemolysed (σ=3.5), 604 samples (0.22%) were not received in the Department due to various pre-analytic reasons (σ=4.0), 260 samples (0.09 %) were found having insufficient sample volume for analysis (σ=4.5), 181(0.06%) samples were found having improper/ wrong labelling or bar code errors (σ=4.5) and 161(0.05%) samples were delivered in wrong tubes (σ=4.5). KPI-1, KPI-2, and KPI-3 were found to be significantly higher during the night shift than the morning shift.

Conclusion: Haemolysed samples and lost-not-received samples were the main causes of pre-analytical errors Key
performance indicators aided as an instrument to screen and improve process execution in the laboratory.

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Author Biography

Ahsan Ahmad Ghauri, Department of Chemical Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

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Published

30-12-2023

How to Cite

Ghauri, A. A., Munir, M. U., Haroon, Z. H., Younas, M., Anwar, M., & Kirmani, S. I. (2023). Evaluation of Key Performance Indicators in the Pre-analytical Phase of Testing in a Clinical Chemistry Laboratory of a Reference Institute. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 73(6), 1716–1719. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.8556

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