Evaluation of Students’ Perception of E-Learning Education Atmosphere (EEAM) in a Private Dental College in Pakistan


  • Zainab Akbar Department of Oral Medicine, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Khaula Gul Department of Dentistry, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Falahat Nasir Department of Medical Education, School of Dentistry, SZABMU Islamabad Pakistan
  • Waqas Hameed Department of Physiology, Pakistan International Medical College, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Mushyyada Durrani Department of Oral Medicine, Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Hidayat Ullah Department of Radiology, FM & DC, Abbottabad Pakistan




Educational atmosphere, Educational environment measure, Online learning


Objective: To assess the e-learning educational environment of our institute using a tool called the E-learning educational
atmosphere measure (EEAM).

Study design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Rehman College of Dentistry, Peshawar Pakistan, from Oct 2020 to Mar 2021.

Methodology: A pre-validated EEAM questionnaire comprising seven domains was used as a data collection tool. The
questionnaire was distributed among all the Rehman College of Dentistry students, Peshawar and the response was obtained. All questions were assessed on a five-point Likert scale ranging between one and five.

Results: A total of 161 students were included, with a response rate of 80.1%. The mean age of the students was 21.54±1.38 years, (range: 21-23 years). Responses to questions of all first five domains of awareness of rules, safety and convenience, teaching quality, learner support, ethics, and professionalism mostly were towards agreement and strongly agreement side. The responses to questions 41 and 42 of the program effectiveness domain and 44 and 45 of the knowledge, affective and psychomotor domain were mainly towards the disagreement side.

Conclusion: The colleges should concentrate on introducing new strategies to improvise the program's effectiveness along
with better teaching of affective and psychomotor skills. They should target the senior classes and the female tutees by
educating them about the pros and cons of online learning and its dynamics to achieve better outcomes and results.


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How to Cite

Akbar, Z., Gul, K., Nasir, F., Hameed, W., Durrani, M., & Ullah, H. (2023). Evaluation of Students’ Perception of E-Learning Education Atmosphere (EEAM) in a Private Dental College in Pakistan. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 73(6), 1648–1653. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.8173



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