Validation of “TOPRS” Score to Predict Outcome in Paediatric Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Pakistan

Authors

  • Aamir Aslam Awan Department of Pediatrics, Pakistan Air Force Hospital, Mianwali Pakistan
  • Muhammad Tariq Nadeem Department of Pediatrics, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Bushra Babar Department of Pediatrics, Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health/Institute of Medical Sciences Taxila/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Ammara Iftikhar Department of Radiology, Pakistan Air Force Hospital, Mianwali Pakistan
  • Abdul Wahab Department of Pediatrics, Pakistan Air Force Hospital, Sargodha Pakistan
  • Abdul Quddus Department of Pediatrics, Combined Military Hospital, Hyderabad/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.8107

Keywords:

Paediatrics, Pulse, Saturation, Temperature, “TOPRS” score, Vitals

Abstract

Objective: To validate a clinical scoring system for defining the severity of ailment that will assist in developing strategies for management prioritisation.

Study Design: Cross-sectional analytical study.

Place and Duration of Study: Paediatric Department, Combined Military Hospital Lahore, Pakistan, form Jan 2020 to Jul 2021.

Methodology: The paediatric patients who reported to the Medical Reception Centre and were admitted to an Inpatient
Facility were enrolled. Demographic profile, temperature, oxygen saturation, pulse, respiratory rate, seizures, and sensorium
labelled as “TOPRS” score was recorded with “0 – Normal” and “1 – Abnormal” and scores calculated for each patient with
the incorporation of systemic inflammatory response and advanced paediatric life support criteria.

Results: A total of 300 paediatric patients with an age range of 1-18 years (mean: 3.86±5.43) were included. Of 300 patients, 237(79%) were discharged after improvement, and the mortality rate was 63(21%). A significant association with the mortality rate was deciphered with temperature, oxygen saturation, and respiratory rate variables. In contrast, pulse rate, sensorium, and seizures were concluded to have an insignificant association. Score “0” mortality was associated with the 4.4% mortality, whereas score “5” enumerated an 80% death rate.

Conclusion: The TOPRS clinical scoring system has significant value in the diagnosis of mortality and morbidity of paediatric patients and, hence, can assist in early recognition and triage of patients, consequently aiding in the provision of prioritisation protocols and management in a befitting manner.

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Published

30-12-2023

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Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Awan AA, Nadeem MT, Babar B, Iftikhar A, Wahab A, Quddus A. Validation of “TOPRS” Score to Predict Outcome in Paediatric Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Pakistan. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];73(6):1675-8. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/8107