Comparison of Efficacy of Prophylactic Antibiotics in Preventing Infection with no Antibiotics Given for Removal of Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Tooth

Authors

  • Alaf Khan Department of Surgery, Bacha Khan Medical College, Mardan Pakistan
  • Shahid Khan Department of Surgery, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad Pakistan
  • Muhammad Jamal Department of Surgery, Islamabad Medical and Dental College, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Anam Javed Department of Surgery, King Abdullah Teaching Hospital, Mansehra Pakistan
  • Misbah Murtaza Department of Surgery, Islamabad Medical and Dental College, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Manahil Rahat Department of Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v74i1.8063

Keywords:

Prophylaxis, Anti-bacterial agents, Antibiotic prophylaxis, Postoperative complications, Molar, MandibleMandible, Tooth extraction

Abstract

Objective: to compare pre-operative prophylactic antibiotics with no antibiotics for removing an impacted mandibular third molar tooth to avoid Infection.

Study Design: Quasi-experimental study

Place and Duration of Study: Ayyub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad, Pakistan from Jan 2018 to June 2018

Methodology: Two hundred four study participants were divided into two groups: those with their third mandibular molar
teeth impacted and those without. One Group was given an antibiotic before surgery; the other received a placebo. Both
groups were followed after surgery and were observed for the development of post-operative Infection.

Results: There were 204 participants in our study whose age group ranged from 17-30 years, (mean age 23.89±2.39 years). Of 204 individuals, 182(89.2%) were treated well, whereas 22 individuals were diagnosed with Infection (10.8%). 18 individuals (17.6%) developed Infection in the Placebo Group, whereas 4(3.9%) patients developed infection in the Antibiotic Group.

Conclusion: The frequency of post-operative infections is reduced in individuals with an impacted third mandibular molar
tooth who are given antibiotics before surgery.

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Author Biography

Manahil Rahat, Department of Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

 

 

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Published

28-02-2024

How to Cite

Khan, A., Khan, S., Jamal, M., Javed, A., Murtaza, M., & Rahat, M. (2024). Comparison of Efficacy of Prophylactic Antibiotics in Preventing Infection with no Antibiotics Given for Removal of Impacted Mandibular Third Molar Tooth. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 74(1), 41–44. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v74i1.8063

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