CARDIAC INVOLVEMENT IN PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM COVID-19 AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH DISEASES SEVERITY AND PROGNOSIS

Authors

  • Waseem Raja Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Diseases/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Uzma Qayum Pakistan Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Naghmana Akhter Pakistan Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Naseer Ahmed Samore Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Diseases/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Farhan Tuyyab Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Diseases/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sidra Waheed Armed Forced Institute of Radiology and Imaging/ National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Shazia Nisar Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Diseases/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Imran Fazal Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Diseases/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

Keywords:

Cardiac Injury, COVID-19

Abstract

Objective: To determine frequency of cardiac involvement in patients of COVID-19. Secondary objective was to determine association of cardiac involvement with prognosis.

Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Pak-Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Apr to Jul 2020.

Methodology: We prospectively assessed the laboratory data, Electrocardiogram and transthoracic echocardiography of all the COVID-19 patients admitted to our institute. Outcomes of interest included length of hospital stay, admission to Intensive Care Unit and mortality. Acute myocardial injury was defined by a value of high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) above the 99th percentile upper reference limit. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23 was used for all the analysis.

Results: Our study included 1015 patients, mean age 50.34 (SD 13.71) years, 887 (87.3%) males and 128 (12.6%) females. Three hundred and thirty (n=330, 32.5%) patients had evidence of acute cardiac injury as shown by raised cardiac troponins, but 50, 4.92% had left ventricle dysfunction. Raised cardiac enzymes were associated with marginally prolonged hospital stay (10.03 versus 9.32 days, p-value 0.07) and higher mortality (OR 2.634, confidence interval 1.252-5.543, p-value 0.01).

Conclusion: Cardiac involvement is quite common among patients suffering from COVID-19 and predicts worse prognosis.

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Published

06-12-2021

How to Cite

1.
Raja W, Qayum U, Akhter N, Samore NA, Tuyyab F, Waheed S, et al. CARDIAC INVOLVEMENT IN PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM COVID-19 AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH DISEASES SEVERITY AND PROGNOSIS. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 6 [cited 2024 May 23];71(Suppl-2):S298-300. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/7766

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