Correlation between Mechanism of Carbapenem Resistance and in vitro Efficacy of Ceftazidime-Avibactam and Meropenem-Vaborbactam on Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

Authors

  • Fatima Ali Department of Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Irfan Ali Mirza Department of Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hafsa Waseem Department of Pathology, Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Umer Khursheed Department of Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Humaira Zafar Department of Pathology, Al Nafees Medical College & Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Maryiam Sarwar Department of Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.7377

Keywords:

Carbapenem -resistant enterobacterial, Carbapenem -resistant pseudomonas aeruginosa, Ceftazidime-avibactam, meropenem-vaborbactam, EDTA-modified Carbapenem inactivation method, Modified carbapenem inactivation method

Abstract

Objective: To determine the mechanism of Carbapenem resistance, type of Carbapenemase produced and in vitro efficacy of Ceftazidime-Avibactam (CAZ-AVI) and Meropenem-Vaborbactam (MEV) against Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales and in vitro efficacy of Ceftazidime-Avibactam against Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Microbiology Department, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Mar to Aug 2020.

Methodology: The mechanism of Carbapenem resistance in Enterobacterales and P.aeruginosa was determined by mCIM and eCIM methods. In vitro, the susceptibility of isolates to Ceftazidime-Avibactam and Meropenem-Vaborbactam was
determined by disk diffusion technique according to CLSI 2020 guidelines.

Results: Out of 249 Carbapenem -resistant isolates, there were 192(77.1%) Enterobacterales and 57(22.9%) P.aeruginosa. From 192 Enterobacterales, 174(90.6%) were Carbapenemase producers while 18(9.4%) used ‘other mechanisms. From 174
Carbapenemase producers, metallo-β-lactamases were produced by 141(73.4%) while serine Carbapenemases by 33(17.2%). Out of 33 serine Carbapenemase producers,19(57.6%) were sensitive to CAZ-AVI and 6(18.2%) to MEV. Out of 141 MBL producers, 31(22%) were sensitive to CAZ-AVI and 18(12.8%) to MEV. Out of 57 P.aeruginosa, 30(52.6%) were Carbapenemase producers and 1(3.4%) were sensitive to CAZ-AVI while 27(47.4%) were non-Carbapenemase producers and 13(48%) were sensitive to CAZ-AVI. MBL production predominated.

Conclusion: The in vitro efficacy of these antibiotics against MBL producers and serine Carbapenemase producers was not
satisfactory.

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Published

28-12-2022

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Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Ali F, Mirza IA, Waseem H, Khursheed U, Zafar H, Sarwar M. Correlation between Mechanism of Carbapenem Resistance and in vitro Efficacy of Ceftazidime-Avibactam and Meropenem-Vaborbactam on Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas Aeruginosa. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 28 [cited 2024 Jun. 14];73(6):1602-6. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/7377