Comparison of Quality of Life among Adolescents with and without Diabetes in Gujrat, Pakistan

Authors

  • Sonia Iqbal Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Jhelum/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Saeed Bin Ayaz Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Jhelum/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Fawad Rahman Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Saman Ejaz Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Jhelum/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Laiba Waheed National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Ayesha Amjad Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Jhelum/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.7105

Keywords:

Adolescent, Diabetes mellitus, Quality of life

Abstract

Objective: To compare the quality of life among adolescents with and without diabetes and explore the association of age and gender with diabetes.

Study Design: Cross-sectional comparative study.

Place and Duration of Study: Different Clinics and Hospitals, of District, Gujrat Pakistan, from Sep 2020 to Mar 2021.

Methodology: Adolescents with diabetes who had an HbA1C level of ≥6.5%, and age-matched, healthy adolescents as controls were included. The adolescents with diabetes were sub-grouped into early and late adolescents based on age (10-14 years and 15-19 years, respectively). Youth Quality of Life Questionnaire was used as the investigative tool.

Results: Twenty-nine adolescents (mean age: 14.2±2.9 years) were in the Diabetes-Group, and 356 adolescents (mean age:
14.8±2.7 years) were in the Control-Group. The Control-Group had significantly better mean scores in each domain than the
Diabetes-Group (p<0.001). Early adolescents with diabetes had better scores in the self-care domain (p=0.014) than late
adolescents. The scores remained uninfluenced by gender in adolescents with diabetes (p=0.118, 0.284, 0.185, 0.419, and 0.169, respectively).

Conclusion: The quality of life scores among our study adolescents with diabetes was poor as compared to the age-matched healthy adolescents. Age appeared to be a negative factor for the quality of life parameters among adolescents with diabetes.

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Published

28-12-2023

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Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Iqbal S, Ayaz SB, Rahman F, Ejaz S, Waheed L, Amjad A. Comparison of Quality of Life among Adolescents with and without Diabetes in Gujrat, Pakistan. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];73(6):1611-4. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/7105