Comparison of General Exercises, Motor Control Exercises and Spinal Manipulation in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients


  • Ammara Khalid Riphah International University Lahore Pakistan
  • Naveed Anwar Riphah International University, Lahore Pakistan
  • Sana Tauqeer Department of Physiotherapist Punjab Medical Complex Lahore Pakistan
  • Kehkhshan Khalid Riphah International University Lahore Pakistan
  • Ayesha Zakir Riphah International University Lahore Pakistan
  • Sidra Munir Riphah International University Lahore Pakistan



Exercise therapy, Low Back Pain\, Manipulation, SpinalPain, Pain Measurement


Objective: To compare the effects of motor control exercises, general exercises and spinal manipulative therapy on pain, functional status and disability in chronic low back pain patients.

Study Design: Randomized Clinical Trial (IRCT:20200511047391N1)

Place and Duration of Study: Riphah International University, Islamabad Pakistan, from Jun to Nov 2020.

Methodology: Study was conducted on 36 chronic low back pain patients aged 18-50 years. All were randomly allocated to three groups: general exercises group, motor control group, and manipulative therapy; all were treated with eight sessions in four weeks. Numerical pain rating scale, Patient-specific functional scale and Oswestry disability index were used.

Results: Findings revealed that differences between the three groups were statistically significant (p<0.05) concerning pain score, patient-specific functional scale, and Disability index.

Conclusion: It was concluded that motor control exercises are most effective in treating chronic low backache. The results of our study showed that there is a significant difference in pain, function and disability in all the groups.


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How to Cite

Khalid, A., Naveed Anwar, Tauqeer, S., Khalid, K., Zakir, A., & Munir, S. (2024). Comparison of General Exercises, Motor Control Exercises and Spinal Manipulation in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 74(1), 142–146.



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