Comparison of Depression, Anxiety And Stress In Undergraduate And Postgraduate Medical Students


  • Nadia Iftikhar Department of Dermatology, Pak Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi / National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Tanwir Khaliq Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad Pakistan.



Anxiety, depression, Medical students, Pakistan, Residents, Stress


Objective: To determine the frequency of depression, anxiety, and stress among medical students and to compare between undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi, Public Sector Medical College, Pakistan Jul to Dec 2019.

Methodology: A study was carried out on 200 medical students. One hundred undergraduates from all five years and 100 postgraduates/residents from varying specialities were asked to complete DASS 21(depression, anxiety, and stress score 21).

Results: Out of 200 students who completed the questionnaire, 116(58%) were depressed. Among the postgraduates, females were more likely to be depressed (p=0.029). 135(67.5%) students suffered from anxiety. Undergraduates were statistically more likely to suffer from anxiety (p=0.011). 101(50.5%) students were stressed. Overall, females were more stressed than male students (0.012). Among postgraduates, females were more likely to be stressed than males (p=0.013). Marital status does not appear to have any effect on depression, anxiety, and stress. 25(12.5%) students had suicidal ideation.

Conclusion: Depression, anxiety and stress are present in over half of our medical students, both undergraduates and postgraduates/residents. We need to address this in our hospitals and medical schools by providing easily accessible counselling facilities and psychologists to help them.


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How to Cite

Iftikhar N, Tanwir Khaliq. Comparison of Depression, Anxiety And Stress In Undergraduate And Postgraduate Medical Students. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 27 [cited 2024 May 24];74(2):300-3. Available from:



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