Transforming Healthcare with Artificial Intelligence in Pakistan: A Comprehensive Overview


  • Laraib Umer National Center of Artificial Intelligence, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Hashim Khan School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Yasar Ayaz



Artificial intelligence, AI ethics, ChatGPT, Healthcare, NCAI


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is transforming healthcare globally, including in Pakistan. This research journal paper provides an
overview of the role and significance of AI in healthcare, ethical considerations, regulatory frameworks, challenges faced by
AI healthcare startups, and the current landscape of AI adoption in Pakistan's healthcare system. AI has the potential to
revolutionize disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment by leveraging large healthcare datasets, advanced computational
power, and machine learning algorithms. It improves patient outcomes, enhances clinical decision-making, and optimizes
healthcare delivery. Globally, AI applications in healthcare encompass medical imaging, clinical decision support, drug
discovery, genomics, and remote patient monitoring. AI algorithms accurately diagnose various medical conditions, predict
treatment responses, and identify therapeutic targets. Successful AI implementations include combating antimicrobial
resistance and improving pediatric healthcare. Ethical considerations in AI healthcare involve bias mitigation, privacy,
transparency, and the role of healthcare professionals in shared decision-making. Regulatory frameworks and guidelines are
being developed worldwide to ensure safe and responsible AI implementation. Quality criteria for AI-based prediction
models focus on performance, interpretability, generalizability, and robustness. Legal and ethical considerations encompass
liability, accountability, and the principles of beneficence, autonomy, and justice. In Pakistan, the integration of AI in
healthcare can address challenges like limited resources and uneven distribution of healthcare facilities. AI technologies can
analyze medical data, diagnose disease outcomes, and personalize treatment plans. 


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How to Cite

Laraib Umer, Muhammad Hashim Khan, Yasar Ayaz. Transforming Healthcare with Artificial Intelligence in Pakistan: A Comprehensive Overview. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Jul. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 14];73(4):955-63. Available from: