Clinical Significance of Ultrasonographic Findings in Dengue Patients; The Comparison of 2019 and 2022 Out Breaks

Authors

  • Maliha Baseer Department of Radiology, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad Pakistan
  • Saima Shan Department of Radiology, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad Pakistan
  • Asim Rehman Department of Radiology, Citilab Diagnostic Centre, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Savida Ilyas Dar Department of General Medicine, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.10452

Keywords:

Dengue fever, Serology, Thrombocytopenia, Ultrasonography

Abstract

Objective: To signify the ultrasonographic findings as an adjunct to serological diagnosis of dengue fever and to correlate
ultrasound findings of dengue patients from the disease outbreak in 2019 and 2022 Pakistan with serological parameters such as platelet count, WBC and hematocrit.

Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study.

Place and Duration of Study: Radiology Department, Federal Government Polyclinic (PGMI), Islamabad, Pakistan from Jan
2019 to Dec 2022.

Methodology: All patients referred to the Radiology Department for an Ultrasound Abdomen, who were admitted to the
Hospital Isolation Unit and were found to have anti-dengue serology, were included in the data. Ultrasonographic findings of dengue patients from the disease outbreak in 2019 and 2022 along with serological parameters such as platelet count, WBC and Hematocrit were assessed.

Results: Out of 343 diagnosed dengue fever patients from the 2019 and 2022 outbreaks Pakistan, the majority (n=176; 51.3%) patients had thickening of the gall bladder wall finding, followed by hepatomegaly (n=100; 29.2%), ascites (n=94;27.4%), pleural effusion (n=84; 24.5%), splenomegaly (n=47; 13.7%) and perinephric fluid (n=8;2.3%). Thickness of the gallbladder (n=90; 68.2%) wall was most common in cases with platelet counts <40,000. There was a statistically significant difference found with reduced platelet count and gall bladder wall thickening (p-value < 0.001), pleural effusion (p-value=0.008) and ascites (p-value < 0.001). In 2019, Dengue fever was more severe than in 2022 in patients.

Conclusion: The ultrasonographic findings and their co-relation with serological parameters identify USG as a competitive
diagnostic procedure for dengue fever

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Published

28-12-2023

Issue

Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Baseer M, Shan S, Rehman A, Ilyas Dar S. Clinical Significance of Ultrasonographic Findings in Dengue Patients; The Comparison of 2019 and 2022 Out Breaks. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];73(6):1842-6. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/10452