Comparison Between Caudal and Combined Caudal with Spinal Anesthesia in Paediatric Bilateral Inguinal Hernia Surgery

Authors

  • Syed Rafat Ali Hashmi Department of Anesthesia, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Syed Qasim Ali Shah Department of Anesthesia, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Waqas Tariq Department of Anesthesia, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Ahmed Sarfaraz Department of Anesthesia, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hafiz Ahmed Hassam bhalli Department of Anesthesia, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Taimur Azam Khan Department of Anesthesia, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.10168

Keywords:

Analgesia, Bilateral inguinal hernia, Caudal anaesthesia, Caudal combined with spinal anaesthesia

Abstract

Objective: To compare the analgesic efficacy and adverse effect profile of using caudal anaesthesia versus caudal combined with spinal anaesthesia for paediatric patients undergoing bilateral inguinal hernia surgery.

Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study.

Place and Duration of Study: Anaesthesia Department of Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Mar to Aug 2022.

Methodology: Eighty paediatric patients between ages 5-10 years requiring bilateral inguinal hernia repair were included in the study. The Caudal Group received 0.25% Bupivacaine per the Armitage regime at a 1 ml/kg volume to reach an effective sensory level of T10. The Combined Group received spinal anaesthesia at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg for >15 kg patients and 0.4 mg/kg for 5-15 kg patients in the L4-L5 epidural space for an effective spinal level of T10. Once the spinal was administered, the same caudal dose as per the caudal Group's Armitage regime.

Results: The total duration of block and subsequent reversal to the S1 level was 326.2±12.6 minutes in the Caudal Group
versus 441.22±31.8 minutes in the Combined Group (p<0.001). The mean time for the first dose of analgesia for pain was
required after 5.27±0.24 hours in the caudal versus 7.03±0.20 hours in the Combined Group.

Conclusion: We conclude that the combined caudal spinal approach offers better and superior pain control, resulting in less IV analgesic requirement and less hospital stay, offering a good alternative to general anaesthesia in paediatric surgeries.

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Published

29-12-2023

How to Cite

Ali Hashmi, S. R., Ali Shah, S. Q., Tariq, W., Sarfaraz, A., Hassam bhalli, H. A., & Khan, T. A. (2023). Comparison Between Caudal and Combined Caudal with Spinal Anesthesia in Paediatric Bilateral Inguinal Hernia Surgery. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 73(6), 1786–1789. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i6.10168

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