Prevalence of Myopia and Assessment of Perceptions of its Associated Risk Factors among Medical Students in Rawalpindi

Authors

  • Mommana Ali Rathore Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Syed Fawad Mashhadi Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sami Waris Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Areeba Akhtar Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Zainab Junaid Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Khalid Bin Tariq Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hafsa Arshad Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Faisal Meihran Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sundas Jabeen Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72iSUPPL-4.9657

Keywords:

Myopia, Prevalence, Risk factors

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of myopia among medical students and to assess the perception about the accompanying risk factors.

Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional.

Place and Duration of Study: Study was conducted among medical students of Rawalpindi Pakistan, over a time span of 6 months, from Dec 2021 to May 2022.

Methodology: Students participating in this study were belonging to both the genders with ages between 17-25 years. Students having history of LASIK surgery were excluded. A Pre-tested structured questionnaire was used for data collection and was distributed among students via Google Forms through various social media platforms. Analysis was done on SPSS version 26.

Results: A total of 300 students participated in this study, including 211(67%) females and 99(33%) males. About 150(50%) of the participants had myopia and 35(11.7%) of these had myopia since childhood. Among the myopes, 39(26%) were the ones whose parents had myopia and 98(65%) were the ones whose siblings had myopia too. Only 60(21%) students were aware of the risk factors such as increased mobile usage, reading in dim light, not wearing recommended glasses, sitting too close to TV screen. No statistically significant association was found between myopia and time spent on screen (p=0.333).

Conclusion: Myopia is widespread among medical students. Family history and genetics are linked to myopia. Time spent outdoors is very much less as compared to the time spent in front of screens by the students. A substantial proportion of students do not appear to be aware of current concepts and the actual risk factors leading to myopia.

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Published

08-12-2022

How to Cite

1.
Rathore MA, Mashhadi SF, Waris S, Akhtar A, Junaid Z, Tariq KB, et al. Prevalence of Myopia and Assessment of Perceptions of its Associated Risk Factors among Medical Students in Rawalpindi. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 8 [cited 2024 May 26];72(SUPPL-4):S791-94. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/9657

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