Factors Associated with Outcome in Patients Managed for Invasive Fungal Infections at the Infectious Diseases Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital
Objective: To look for the factors associated with outcomes in patients managed for invasive fungal infections at the Infectious Diseases Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital
Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Infectious Diseases, Pak Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan,from Apr 2021 to Sep 2022.
Methodology: A total of 90 patients with a different types of invasive fungal infections diagnosed by consultant infectious diseases were recruited. First, they were given standard treatment for fungal infection; they were diagnosed as per guidelines.Then, they were followed up for one month to look for an outcome.
Results: Out of 90 patients with invasive fungal infections included in the study, 62(68.8%) had a good outcome, while 28(31.2%) had a poor outcome. The mean age of the patients recruited in our study was 39.54±6.27 years. Of all the participants, 65(72.2%) patients were male, while 25(27.8%) were female. Statistical analysis revealed that poorly controlled diabetes, COVID-19 infection and HIV positive were statistically significantly associated with poor outcomes in our study participants (p-value<0.05).
Conclusion: The Considerable number of patients with invasive fungal infections had a poor outcome in our study. The presence of poorly controlled diabetes, COVID-19 infection and being HIV positive were the factors associated with poor outcomes in our study participants.