Folate Deficiency: Is it Related to the Development of Depression

Authors

  • Asif Azeem Bajwa Department of Psychiatry, Armed Forces Institute of Mental Health/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sohail Ali Department of Psychiatry, Armed Forces Institute of Mental Health/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sikandar Ali Khan Department of Psychiatry, Combined Military Hospital Mangla/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Hassan Raza Department of Psychiatry, Armed Forces Institute of Mental Health/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Fayyaz Hussain Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Tashfeen Bin Nazir Armed Forces Post Graduate Medical Institute/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i4.9187

Keywords:

Depression, Folate, Hamilton depression rating Scale (HAM)

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the frequency of serum folate deficiency among patients with depression and to compare mean serum folate levels with the severity level of depression.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Mental Health, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Sep 2021 to Feb 2022.

Methodology: We consecutively recruited 155 study subjects. Basic demographic data were recorded. The severity of depression was assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale–Urdu version (HAM-D U). Blood samples were collected to determine serum folate before commencing any treatment for depression; serum Folate levels were assessed at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology.

Results: The mean HAM-D score was 17.14±4.29, with minimum and maximum scores of 8 and 22. 97(62.6%) cases had mild– moderate depression, and 58(37.4%) patients had severe depression. The mean serum folate levels were 3.10±1.40 ng/ml. There were 57(36.8%) cases that had normal folate levels, 45(29%) cases that had borderline folate levels, and 53(34.2%) cases that had folate deficiency. The frequency of borderline folate deficiency was statistically higher in cases with severe depression, (p-value<0.001).

Conclusion: Results of this study highlight that the frequency of borderline–folate deficiency was statistically higher in cases with moderate and severe depression.

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Published

30-08-2023

Issue

Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Bajwa AA, Ali S, Khan SA, Raza H, Hussain F, Nazir TB. Folate Deficiency: Is it Related to the Development of Depression. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 25];73(4):989-92. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/9187