QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG TYPE-II DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS; A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF RAWALPINDI
Objective: To assess the quality of life of type-II diabetic patients and to obtain correlation between demographic variables and Qol domains.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Tertiary care hospital of Rawalpindi, from Mar to Sep 2020
Methodology: Convenience sampling technique was used with sample size of 370. Type-II DM patients, more than 30 years of age, with or without complications were included. Patients with terminal illnesses, dementia and unstable mental states were excluded. Ethics approval and informed consent were taken. WHO QoL BREF was used to measure quality of life. Analysis was done using SPSS version 23.
Results: A total of 377 participants were included in this study, 56% were males and 44% were females. Mean age was 52 years with mean duration of diabetes of 10 years. In this 26% received education till primary level, 34% were into a private job,74% of the participants had urban location. Out of 65% were married and 52% were earning between 11,000-50,000. The mean of the total score of the QoL was 48 ± 13.9 SD, the weakest domain being environmental. Correlation analysis showed strong positive association between education and socioeconomic status and environmental domain. Age, residence, duration of disease and its treatment had a strong negative association. Out of 44% self- reported their QoL as moderate and 49.1% selfreported their health status satisfaction as moderate.
Conclusion: QoL of type-II diabetics was found to be average with environment as weakest domain.