ASSOCIATION OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND DIETARY HABITS OF STREET CHILDREN (5-18 YEARS AGE) – A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY IN RAWALPINDI

  • Ayesha Habib Khan Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Naila Azam Foundation University, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Mehwish Riaz Foundation University, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Samina Anjum Arham Dental Care, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Raima Asif Foundation University, Islamabad Pakistan
Keywords: Street Children, Malnutrition, Nutritional Status, Dietary Habits

Abstract

Objective: To determine the dietary characteristics and nutritional status of street children in Rawalpindi along with association between malnutrition and dietary characteristics of these street children.

Study Design: Cross sectional analytical study.

Place and Duration of Study: Bahria, DHA and Chaklala Scheme-III, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Aug 2019 to Feb 2020.

Methodology: Data was collected conveniently from 88 street children after ethical approval of the study from the institute. Data was entered in SPSS-22. Descriptive analysis was done to report frequency and percentage of categorical variables. Inferential analysis was done by applying chi square to find out association between malnutrition and independent variables (age, hand washing, illnesses). Binary logistic regression was done to find the predictors of malnutrition among street children.

Results: Out of 88 participants majority were male 56 (63.6%). Most of the street children were found underweight 74 (84.1%). Children in age group 5-8 years were more malnourished as compared to age groups above 8 years (p-value <0.05). A significant association between nutritional status and hand washing was found (p-value <0.05). Participants who had hand washing practice were 3 times more likely to be healthy as compared to malnourished (p-value=0.05, OR=3.5, 95% CI: 0.9-13.7). The garbage picker and mechanics were 1.3 times more likely to be underweight.

Conclusion: Most of the street children roaming around the streets of Rawalpindi are underweight indicating malnutrition.

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Published
2022-02-25
How to Cite
Khan, A., Azam, N., Riaz, M., Anjum, S., & Asif, R. (2022). ASSOCIATION OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND DIETARY HABITS OF STREET CHILDREN (5-18 YEARS AGE) – A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY IN RAWALPINDI. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(SUPPL-1), S7-11. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/8234
Section
Original Articles

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