Association of Sociodemographic Factors and Vitamin-D Levels with the Severity of Depressive Symptoms

Authors

  • Qurat ul Ain Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sawera Mansoor Foundation University Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Nadeem Abbas Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Usama Bin Zubair Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Baqir Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Tooba Latif The District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ), Gilgit Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i1.8174

Keywords:

Depression, ICD-10 criteria, Sociodemographic factors, Vitamin D

Abstract

Objective: To study the association of sociodemographic factors and Vitamin D levels with the severity of depressive symptoms in patients with depression.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Psychiatry Department, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from May to Nov 2021.

Methodology: This study included all the patients diagnosed with depression per ICD 10 criteria by the consultant psychiatrist. Depression was further categorized in severity using Beck’s Depression Inventory. Vitamin D levels were sent to all the patients diagnosed with depression in the laboratory of our hospital. The cut-off score of less than 50nmol/l was taken as low vitamin levels.

Results: Out of 103 patients studied, 23(22.3%) had mild, 49(47.6%) had moderate, and 31(30.1%) had severe depression. In severely depressed patients, 19(61.3%) were above 50 years of age, 12(38.7%) had no formal education, and 21(67.7%) had low vitamin D levels. Among mildly depressed patients, 5(21.7%) were above 50 years of age, 2(8.7%) had no formal education,and 17(73.9) had low vitamin D levels. We found that vitamin D levels, age of the patient, and level of education had a statistically significant relationship with the severity of depression, (p-valve less than 0.05).

Conclusions: The level of vitamin D, age, and the level of education had a significant association in the target population with the severity of depressive symptoms.

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Published

23-02-2023

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Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Ain Q ul, Mansoor S, Abbas N, Zubair UB, Baqir M, Latif T. Association of Sociodemographic Factors and Vitamin-D Levels with the Severity of Depressive Symptoms. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 23 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];73(1):111-14. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/8174