Frequency of Dry Eyes with and without Posterior Blepharitis in Diabetes Patients

  • Mahum Faheem Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Syed Abid Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hassan Naqvi Combined Military Hospital Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Haroon Sarfaraz Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF) Hospital, Wah Cantt, Pakistan
  • Farooq ul Abidin Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Dry eyes, Posterior blepharitis, Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Objective: To assess the frequency of dry eyes with and without posterior blepharitis in diabetic patients managed in our hospital.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi Pakistan from Feb to Jun 2021.

Methodology: A total of 160 patients suffering from type-2 Diabetes Mellitus with blood sugar fasting of more than 126mg/dl were included in the study. Dry eyes were assessed with Tear break up time tests and Schirmer. A consultant ophthalmologist conducted a detailed ophthalmological examination to diagnose posterior blepharitis among the study participants.

Results: There were 160 patients enrolled in this study. The mean age was 52.68±11.8 years. The study included 74(46.3%) male and 86(53.8%) female patients. It was found that tear-breaking time was significantly lower for diabetic patients with blepharitis as compared to diabetic patients without blepharitis (p<0.001). Similarly, the duration of diabetes was also found to be associated with tear breakup time. Patients who had diabetes for more than ten years were more likely to have a tear breakup time of fewer than 10 seconds compared to patients who had diabetes for not more than ten years (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Dry eye syndrome was common among patients suffering from type-2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with longstanding diabetes or those with posterior blepharitis were more at risk of dry eyes than those without posterior blepharitis or a shorter duration of diabetes mellitus.

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Published
2022-11-07
How to Cite
Faheem, M., Abid, S., Naqvi, H., Sarfaraz, H., & Abidin, F. ul. (2022). Frequency of Dry Eyes with and without Posterior Blepharitis in Diabetes Patients. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(5), 1783-86. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i5.7576
Section
Original Articles