Outcome Of Non-Elective Covid Positive Orthopaedic Injury Procedures In Two Tertiary Care Hospitals

  • Syed Faraz Anwar Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Ahmed Mushtaq Combined Military Hospital Malir/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS)Pakistan
  • Syed Sheheryar Faraz Bahria University of Medical Sciences Karachi Pakistan
Keywords: COVID-19, Orthopaedic injury, Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)


Objective: To evaluate the outcome of COVID-positive orthopaedic injury patients operated as emergency cases regarding overall disease progression, laboratory parameters and fracture healing.

Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study.

Place and Duration of Study: Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi and Combined Military Hospital Malir Karachi Pakistan, from Apr to Nov 2020.

Methodology: All the orthopaedic injury patients with no other injuries who tested positive for COVID-19 were included in the study. The demographic data, time of injury and surgery, co-morbidities and values of inflammatory markers such as Creactive protein (CRP), Total Leukocyte Count (TLC), Serum Ferritin and Neutrophil percentage were noted pre-op and on the fifth-day post-operation. The bone fracture, its severity, and the type of orthopaedic intervention were also noted.

Results: A total of 17 patients were included in the study, out of which 12 were males (70.6%), and 5 were females (29.4%),with a mean age of 49.06±18.78 years. There were 9(52.9%) cases of mild COVID-19, 3(17.6%) cases of moderate and 5(29.2%) cases of severe disease among orthopaedic injury cases. The most common fracture was of the femur in 12(70.6%) patients,followed by tibia/fibula in 3(17.6%) and 2(11.8%) cases of radius and ulna. In addition, there were 2(11.8%) cases of non-union and 5(29.4%) delayed union. Only 2(5.2%) health professionals developed mild COVID.
Conclusion: Orthopedic emergency operations of COVID-19-positive patients can be performed safely following strict COVID-19 protocols.


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How to Cite
Anwar, S., Mushtaq, A., & Faraz, S. (2023). Outcome Of Non-Elective Covid Positive Orthopaedic Injury Procedures In Two Tertiary Care Hospitals. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 73(2), 422-26. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i2.7488
Original Articles