Topical Betamethasone Valerate 0.1% W/V vs. Topical Ketoconazole 2% W/V: A Comparison of Efficacy in Patients of Seborrheic Dermatitis

  • Muhammad Rizwan dermatology
  • Amanat Ali Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Science (NUMS), Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Najia Ahmad Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Science (NUMS), Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Moizza Tahir Combined Military Hospital Gujranwala/National University of Medical Science (NUMS), Pakistan
Keywords: Efficacy, seborrheic dermatitis, topical Betamethasone

Abstract

Objective: To compare the efficacy of topical Betamethasone valerate 0.1% w/v and topical Ketoconazole 2% w/v in patients of seborrheic dermatitis.

Study Design: Comparative prospective study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Dermatology, Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan from Feb to Aug 2019.

Methodology: A total of 80 patients of both genders with seborrheic dermatitis were included. Patients were divided into two groups randomly, with 40 patients in each group. Group-A patients were given topical Betamethasone valerate 0.1% w/v, while patients in Group-B were given topical Ketoconazole 2% w/v for 12 weeks. Data regarding efficacy was assessed after 12 weeks per operational definition from both groups and noted.

Results: The mean age of patients in group A was 34.45 ± 6.73 years, and in the Group-B was 32.18 ± 6.07 years. The majority of the patients, 54 (67.50%), were between 15 to 35 years of age. Efficacy of Group-A (topical Betamethasone valerate 0.1%) was seen in 35 (87.50%) patients while in Group-B (topical Ketoconazole 2%) efficacy was seen in 25 (62.50%) patients (p-value = 0.010).

Conclusion: This study concluded that the efficacy of topical Betamethasone valerate 0.1% w/v is higher than topical Ketoconazole 2% w/v in patients with seborrheic dermatitis.

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Published
2022-06-27
How to Cite
Rizwan, M., Ali, A., Ahmad, N., & Tahir, M. (2022). Topical Betamethasone Valerate 0.1% W/V vs. Topical Ketoconazole 2% W/V: A Comparison of Efficacy in Patients of Seborrheic Dermatitis. PAFMJ, 72(3), 1082-85. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i3.7430
Section
Original Articles