The Pattern of Diagnosis in NICU Population Presenting With Respiratory Distress

Authors

  • Hakeem Ullah Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Asad Maqbol Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Asma Razzaq Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Romisa Rehman Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Ihsan Ullah Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad awais Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i2.7352

Keywords:

Causes, Neonates, Outcome, Respiratory distress

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the etiology, frequency, and results of respiratory distress in newborns in the intensive care unit.

Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Combined Military Hospital (CMH) in Peshawar, from Aug 2020 to May 2021

Methodology: It included neonates admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between the ages of 0 and 28 days

Results: The study included 182 neonates, 107 (58.6%) of whom were boys and 75 (41.4%) were girls. The average age was 68.47 ± 98.60 hours, the average gestational age was 32.6 ± 23.52 weeks, and the average weight was 2.50 ± 2.6 kg. All (100%) of the neonates had a respiratory rate >60 breaths per minute. Regarding symptoms and signs, 110 (60%) reported grunting, 182 (100%) reported nasal flaring and subcostal retractions, and 72 (40%) reported cyanosis. Respiratory distress syndrome, meconium aspiration syndrome, pneumonia, transient tachypnea of the newborn, sepsis, and birth asphyxia was observed in 42 (22.8%), 30 (16.6%), 32 (17.6%), 26 (14.1%), 32 (18.04%), and 20 (10.8%) newborns, respectively. The number of 60 (33.2%)
neonates were suffering from respiratory distress.

Conclusion: High frequency of respiratory distress among the neonates was observed along with high rates of mortality in those having respiratory distress, especially in low birth weight and pre-term neonates.

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Published

02-05-2022

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Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Ullah H, Maqbol A, Razzaq A, Rehman R, Ullah I, awais M. The Pattern of Diagnosis in NICU Population Presenting With Respiratory Distress. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2022 May 2 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];72(2):681-85. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/7352