Analysis of Various Factors Associated with Maternal Near Miss in Karachi Sindh
Keywords:Complications, Gestation, Maternal near-miss
Objective: To determine the factors associated with maternal near-miss in booked patients managed at tertiary care hospital.
Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Combined Military Hospital Malir Cantt from Jun 2019 to Jul 2021.
Methodology: A total of 198 pregnant women of were included in the study. All the women were followed until delivery, and data was collected for near maternal miss and types of complications. Relationship of the age of study participants, gestation, parity and presence of comorbid medical illnesses were analysed with maternal near-miss in our study participants.
Results: Out of 198 pregnant women included in the study, 168 (84.8%) did not have near-miss, while 30 (15.2%) had experienced at least one near-miss. The mean age of the women included in our study was 29.236 ± 2.45 years. Cardiovascular complications 14 (7.1%) were the most common in our study participants, followed by renal complications 8 (4.1%). The second and third trimesters and the presence of medical comorbidities were statistically significantly associated with nearmiss (p-value <0.05).
Conclusion: Near miss was a fairly common finding in booked pregnancies managed at our hospital. Women in the second or third trimester of pregnancy and those with any medical conditions had more chances of having near-miss than those in the first trimester or without any medical comorbidities.